Dual education

Students participating in dual training have their academic, vocational and theoretical classes in the vocational schools, but their practical training takes place at businesses, which means that they gain some insight about the world of work already during their student years.

Chamber guarantee

The regionally competent chamber undertakes a guarantee for the placement of trade school students at places of practical training outside of their schools. If the suitable place of practical training is available, the actual practical training of the student may only take place in the framework of a study contract.

Study contract

In vocational training years, the practical training of students at economic entities takes place on the basis of a written study contract concluded between the student and the economic entity. The conditions applicable to the conclusion, amendment and termination of the study contract are regulated by Act CLXXXVII of 2011.

Cooperation agreement

A cooperation agreement may be concluded between the school and the economic entity for the continuous vocational practice in the summer period or for a supplementary vocational practice during the school year. The educational institution may only make provisions for the student’s vocational practice in a school-based workshop or by way of a cooperation agreement, if the chamber issues a statement certifying that it cannot provide a suitable place of practical training for the student.

Vocational grammar school

4+1 years

The vocational school system was reorganised from the 2016/2017 school year. Earlier vocational secondary schools became vocational grammar schools, in which the programme of training still consists of 4 years before the matriculation examination (grades 9-12) followed by an additional year of vocational training afterwards. An important change is that there is larger emphasis on vocational training in the period preceding the matriculation examination, and that those taking the matriculation examination also receive one or two vocational qualifications at the time.

This gives students, in addition to the matriculation examination, also the qualification to work in one or several different occupations. After the matriculation examination, students can receive further vocational qualifications by completing an additional year of training. This means that by the end of the 13th grade, they will have at least 2 vocational qualifications and a certificate of matriculation. Students may then continue in higher education or start to work. Those who attend vocational grammar schools thus receive three times as many options than those who do not.

Secondary school

3+2 years

The vocational school system was reorganised from the 2016/2017 school year. Earlier trade schools became vocational secondary schools, with the new important change in the content of the programmes being that after the 3 years of vocational training and the complex vocational examinations, students have an opportunity to obtain their certificates of matriculation after an additional 2 years of preparation for the matriculation examination. This means that students may take a vocational examination after three years and enter the world of work, or they may continue to study and obtain their matriculation examinations in another two years.

Trade school

1+4 years

The vocational school system was reorganised from the 2016/2017 school year. The name ‘trade school’ is now used for institutions that prepare students of special educational needs for the vocational examinations, as well as provide them with the knowledge and skills necessary for taking up employment and starting their lives.

 

Skills hortage scholarship

On the basis of an occupational structural decision, students who choose a skills shortage vocation and perform well in their studies receive a trade school scholarship. This is designed to encourage and motivate students’ interest in the given vocations.

 

The extent of the scholarship

Vocational secondary schools, trade schools:

Grade average Scholarship amount
2,51-3,0 HUF 10,000
3,01-3,5 HUF 15,000
3,51-4,0 HUF 20,000
4,01-4,5 HUF 27,000
4,51-5,0 HUF 35,000

Vocational grammar schools:

Grade average Scholarship amount
3,01-3,5 HUF 20,000
3,51-4,0 HUF 30,000
4,01-4,5 HUF 40,000
4,51-5,0 HUF 50,000

Adult education

The area of adult education in which education is based on the teaching and acquisition of knowledge, and participants can develop their skills and broaden their knowledge. Participants are registered in the status of students with the vocational education and training institute. The courses of study offered are formal education programmes, which may be available according to normal full-time, evening or correspondence work schedules. Those participating in adult education programmes must be at least 16 years of age.

Adult training

Adult training programmes are offered outside of the formal school setting, and participants are not registered as students of the vocational education and training institute. Their legal status is regulated by an adult training contract. These are vocational training and continued training programmes aimed at the focused and systematic development of adults. Act LXXVII of 2013 on adult training.

Health fitness

The determination of the fact, based on a specialist opinion, that a student intending to participate in the vocational training programme is suitable, on the basis of his/her health status, physical and psychological condition, to prepare for the vocational examination and practice his/her chosen occupation, without endangering himself/herself or others.

Occupational aptitude

A condition of joining vocational training programmes, on the basis of which it may be determined whether, on the basis of his/her capabilities and skills, an applicant can successfully prepare for the complex vocational examination and subsequently pursue his/her chosen occupation.

Vocational qualification and OKJ

Record of vocational education or training undergone in Hungary, or undergone abroad and subsequently recognized in Hungary, authorizing its holder to engage in the practice of a vocation, such qualification having been obtained in primary, secondary or tertiary-level vocational education, in undergraduate college or university programmes, or in the course of specialized, advanced-level vocational education for university or college graduate health care workers. The National Qualification Register (Hungarian acronym: OKJ) contains the vocational qualifications recognised by the state. The OKJ determines the basic data pertaining to the vocational training. 

Record of vocational education or training undergone in Hungary, or undergone abroad and subsequently recognized in Hungary, authorizing its holder to engage in the practice of a vocation, such qualification having been obtained in primary, secondary or tertiary-level vocational education, in undergraduate college or university programmes, or in the course of specialized, advanced-level vocational education for university or college graduate health care workers. The National Qualification Register (Hungarian acronym: OKJ) contains the vocational qualifications recognised by the state. The OKJ determines the basic data pertaining to the vocational training. 

First vocational qualification

First vocational qualification is defined as all such state-recognised vocational qualifications included in the OKJ and authorising its holder to fill a position and practice a vocation that such person first obtained in the framework of a formal vocational training programme.

Second and further vocational qualifications

Second and further vocational qualifications are all such state-recognised vocational qualifications included in the OKJ and authorising their holder to fill a position and practice a vocation that such person obtained in the framework of formal vocational training after already being in possession of a first vocational qualification. From the point of view of subsidised tuition, state-recognised vocational qualifications included in the OKJ that were obtained outside the framework of formal vocational training programmes must be ignored. In addition, participating in a training that enables a person to practice a vocation at a higher level than with his/her original vocational qualification (vocational extension) does not count as obtaining a second vocational qualification.

Partial vocational qualification

It consists of the modules of a vocational qualification as defined in the vocational and examination requirements, and enables its holder to fill at least one position.

Vocational extension

The vocational and examination requirements determine which modules, vocational qualifications, partial vocational qualifications and specialisations it builds on and what modules it consists of. It qualifies its holder to fill in an additional position.

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