The vocational school system was reorganised from the 2016/2017 school year. Earlier vocational secondary schools became vocational grammar schools, in which the programme of training still consists of 4 years before the matriculation examination (grades 9-12) followed by an additional year of vocational training afterwards. An important change is that there is larger emphasis on vocational training in the period preceding the matriculation examination, and that those taking the matriculation examination also receive one or two vocational qualifications at the time.
This gives students, in addition to the matriculation examination, also the qualification to work in one or several different occupations. After the matriculation examination, students can receive further vocational qualifications by completing an additional year of training. This means that by the end of the 13th grade, they will have at least 2 vocational qualifications and a certificate of matriculation. Students may then continue in higher education or start to work. Those who attend vocational grammar schools thus receive three times as many options than those who do not.